Evaluating Landuse Change along Thiruvananthapuram Coast, South West Coast of India Using Geo-spatial Techniques

Main Article Content

J. Shaji

Abstract

Coastal zone across the world is typified with intensive multiple human activities. Historic maps and multi-temporal satellite images are helpful in detecting the change in land use over the years. An attempt is made to evaluate the land use/land cover change along the coastal zone of Thiruvananthapuram using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing techniques. Landuse scenarios for 1988, 2000 and 2010 have been generated using Survey of India Topographical Sheets, Landsat ETM+ Image and Quickbird Image respectively. ERDAS software is used for image processing and land-use change is analysed using ArcGis 10.2.1 Software. The reasons and implications of landuse change in the coast are also studied through field investigation and valid conclusions are drawn. Agricultural land, clustered settlement area, a settlement with vegetation, sandy area and rocky area is the broad landuse categories delineated in the coastal zone. The analysis shows that the agricultural land area has decreased from 9.34% to 3.89% while the area under clustered settlement increased from 5.75 % to 25.65% during 1988-2010. This study can provide base information on land use scenario of the coast while framing out the ICZM plan.

Keywords:
Landuse change, coastal zone, GIS, Thiruvananthapuram coast.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shaji, J. (2019). Evaluating Landuse Change along Thiruvananthapuram Coast, South West Coast of India Using Geo-spatial Techniques. Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, 21(4), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/jgeesi/2019/v21i430131
Section
Original Research Article

References

Costanza R, d’ Arge R, De Groot R, Farber S, Grasso M, Hannon B, Naeem S, Limburg K, Parueto J, O’ Neill RV, Raskin R, Sutton P, Van den Belt M. The value of world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature. 1997;387:253-260.

Small C, Nicholls RJ. A global analysis of human settlement in coastal zones. Journal of Coastal Research. 2003:19(3): 584-599.

Howari FM, Benjamin RJ, Naima Bouhouche, Sandy Wyllie-Echeverria. Field and remote sensing assessment of mangrove forests and sea grass beds in the North western parts of the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Coastal Research. 2009;25(1):48-56.

Senapati S, Gupta V. Climate change and coastal ecosystem in India-issues in perspectives. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2014;4(3):530-543.

Weismiller RA, Kristof SJ, Scholz DK, Anuta PE, Momin SA. Change detection in coastal zone environments. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 1977;43(12):1533-1539.

United States Geological Survey-USGS. A landuse/landcover classification system for use with remote sensor data. Geological Survey Professional. 1997;964:19.

Nayak S. Use of satellite data in coastal mapping. Indian Cartographer. 2001;1: 147-156.

Chua Thia - Eng. The integrated management plan for Segara Anakan -Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia. International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management on behalf of Association of Southeast Asian Nations/United States Coastal Resources Management Project (ASEAN/US CRMP). 1992;30.

Zhao B, Kreuter U, Li B, Ma Z, Chen J, Nakagoshi N. An ecosystem value service assessment of landuse change on Chongming Island, China. Landuse Policy. 2004;21(2):139-148. DOI.ORG/10.1016/J.LANDUSEPOL.2003.10.003

Sharma VVLN, Krishna GM, Malini BH, Rao KN. Landuse/Land cover change detection through remote sensing and its climatic implications in the Godavari delta region. Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 2001;29(1):85-91.

Lacono MJ, Levinson DM. Predicting landuse change, how much does transportation matter? Transportation Research Record. 2009;2119:130-136.
DOI: 10.3141/2119-16

Yagoub MM, Kolan GR. Monitoring coastal zone landuse and landcover changes of Abu Dhabi using Remote Sensing. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 2006;34(1):57-68.

Shalaby A, Tateshi R. Remote sensing and GIS for monitoring land cover and land use changes in the North Western coastal zone of Egypt. Applied Geography. 2007;27(1): 28-41.
DOI:10.1016/J.APGEOG.2006.09.004

Lo Kong Fai A, Gunasiri CWD. Impact of coastal landuse change on shoreline dynamics in Yunlin County, Taiwan. Environments. 2014;1:124-136.
DOI:10.3390/environments1020124

Baba M, Samsuddin M, Thomas KV, John Mathai, Vasudevan V, John Paul. Coastal landuse and resources. Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram. 1997;108-147.

Geological Survey of India. District resource map, Geology and minerals, Thiruvananthapuram district, Govt of India. 1986;1.

Census of India. Panchayat wise demographic data for Kerala State. Directorate of Census, Thiruvananthapuram; 2011.

Department of Fisheries. Facts and figures - 2012, Statistical cell, Directorate of fisheries, Government of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram. 2012; 45-56.

National Centre for Earth Science Studies. Coastal zone management plan of Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala (as per CRZ Notification 2011 in 1:25000 Scale), prepared for Kerala State Council for Science and Technology and Environment, Government of Kerala. 2014;18-19.