Impact of Industrial Wastewater Irrigation on Heavy Metal Deposition in Farm Soils of Bhaluka Area, Bangladesh

Main Article Content

Faisal Islam
H. M. Zakir
A. Rahman
Shaila Sharmin

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine heavy metal contents in industrial wastewater and contaminated soils of Bhaluka, Mymensingh and to assess their pollution level. A total of 9 industrial wastewater and 12 contaminated farm soil samples were collected directly from the farmers’ fields of Bhaluka area and analysed for this study. Considering EC, salinity and TDS, 56 to 89% wastewater samples were found problematic for long term irrigation. The concentration of CO3, HCO3 and Cl in wastewater ranged from 0.20-1.60, 2.0-11.2 and 1.30-4.79 me L-1, respectively and the content of Ca, Mg, Na and K in wastewater ranged from 16.03-52.10, 4.86-21.87, 101.98-678.90 and 5.59-48.63 mg L-1, respectively. The study results revealed that all wastewater samples were found unsuitable for irrigation in respect of CO3, HCO3 and K. Among the heavy metals studied, Pb, Cd and Fe concentrations in all wastewater samples and Mn content in 5 samples were found above than the acceptable limit for irrigation. The concentration of Zn, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cd, Mn and Fe in wastewater irrigated soils of Bhaluka industrial area ranged from 50.48 to 448.56, 47.22 to 83.65, 19.13 to 328.23, 42.37 to 77.96, 22.93 to 43.86, 0.70 to 1.40, 161.5 to 341.7 and 38105 to 65399 μg g-1, respectively. Considering geoaccumulation index, the Igeo values for Pb and Cd for all locations of the study area exhibited positive values (0.495< Igeo <1.624), that means Igeo class: 1-2, indicate moderately polluted soil quality. On the other hand, as regards to enrichment factor (EFc), 9 locations for Pb, 5 for Cd, 1 for Zn and 1 for Cu had EFc values > 5.0, indicate contaminated soil quality. The study concluded that industrial wastewater used for irrigation was directly linked with the heavy metals deposition in the farm soils.

Keywords:
Heavy metal, industrialisation, farmers’ field, enrichment factor, pollution

Article Details

How to Cite
Islam, F., Zakir, H. M., Rahman, A., & Sharmin, S. (2020). Impact of Industrial Wastewater Irrigation on Heavy Metal Deposition in Farm Soils of Bhaluka Area, Bangladesh. Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, 24(3), 19-31. https://doi.org/10.9734/jgeesi/2020/v24i330207
Section
Original Research Article

References

Hossain MB, Islam MN, Alam MS, Zakir HM. Industrialisation scenario at Sreepur of Gazipur, Bangladesh and physic-chemical properties of wastewater discharged from industries. Asian J Environ Ecol. 2019;9(4):1-14.
DOI: 10.9734/AJEE/2019/v9i430103

Li C, Zhou K, Qin W, Tian C, Qi M, Yan X, Han W. A review on heavy metals contamination in soil: Effects, sources and remediation techniques. Soil Sediment Contam Int J. 2019;28(4):380-394.
DOI: 10.1080/15320383.2019.1592108

Zakir HM, Arafat MY. Contamination level of different chemical elements in top soils of Barapukuria coal mine area in Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Asian J Water Environ Pollut. 2020;17(1):59-73.
DOI: 10.3233/AJW-200007

Duncan AE, Vries N de, Nyarko KB. Assessment of heavy metal pollution in the sediments of the river Pra and its tributaries. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2018;229(8):272.
DOI: 10.1007/s11270-018-3899-6

Zakir HM, Hasan MN, Quadir QF, Sharmin S, Ahmed I. Cadmium and lead pollution in sediments of midstream of the river Karatoa in Bangladesh. Int J Engg Sci. 2013;2(2):34-42.

Zakir HM, Islam MM, Hossain MS. Heavy metal contents in sediments of an urban industrialized area- a case study of Tongi canal, Bangladesh. Asian J Water Environ Pollut. 2017;14(1):59-68.
DOI: 10.3233/AJW-170007

Hossain MA, Zakir HM, Kumar D, Alam MS. Quality and metallic pollution level in surface waters of an urban industrialized city: A case study of Chittagong city, Bangladesh. J Ind Safety Engg. 2017;4(2): 9-18.

Hossain MS, Zakir HM, Rahman MS, Islam MM. Toxic metallic contamination in wastewater of some industrial areas of Mymensingh town, Bangladesh. Adv Archit City Environ. 2015;1(3):7-13.

Zakir HM, Sattar MA, Quadir QF. Cadmium pollution and irrigation water quality assessment of an urban river: A case study of the Mayur river, Khulna, Bangladesh. J Chem Bio Phy Sci. 2015;5(2):2133-2149.

Ogoyi DO, Mwita CJ, Nguu EK, Shiundu PM. Determination of heavy metal content in water, sediment and microalgae from Lake Victoria, East Africa. The Open Environ Engg J. 2011;4:156- 161.
DOI: 10.2174/1874829501104010156

Zakir HM, Islam MM, Hossain MS. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on irrigation water quality of a canal- a case study of Tongi canal, Bangladesh. Adv Environ Res. 2016;5(2):109-123.
DOI: 10.12989/AER.2016.5.2.109

Yesmeen R, Zakir HM, Alam MS, Mallick S. Heavy metal and major ionic contamination level in effluents, surface and groundwater of an urban industrialised city: A case study of Rangpur city, Bangladesh. Asian J Chem Sci. 2018;5(1):1-16.
DOI: 10.9734/AJOCS/2018/45061

Zakir HM, Hossain MA, Alam MS. Metallic pollution in top soils of an urban industrialized city: A case study of Chittagong city, Bangladesh. J Chem Bio Phy Sci. 2017;7(4):835-850.
DOI: 10.24214/jcbps.D.7.4.83550

Brusseaug ML, Famisanj B, Artiola F. Chemical contaminants. In: Artiola JF, Pepper IL, Brusseau ML, Editors. Environmental monitoring and characterization. Academic Press, Elsevier Inc.; 2004.
DOI: 10.1016/B978-012064477-3/50018-7

Aysha MIJ, Zakir HM, Haque R, Quadir QF, Choudhury TR, Quraishi SB, Mollah MZI. Health risk assessment for population via consumption of vegetables grown in soils artificially contaminated with arsenic. Arch Cur Res Int. 2017;10(3):1-12.
DOI: 10.9734/ACRI/2017/37612

Haque R, Zakir HM, Aysha MIJ, Supti Mallick, Rahman MS. Heavy metal uptake pattern and potential human health risk through consumption of tomato grown in industrial contaminated soils. Asian J Adv Agril Res. 2018;5(4):1-11.
DOI: 10.9734/AJAAR/2018/40169

Zakir HM, Aysha MIJ, Mallick S, Sharmin S, Quadir QF, Hossain MA. Heavy metals and major nutrients accumulation pattern in spinach grown in farm and industrial contaminated soils and health risk assessment. Arch Agric Environ Sci. 2018;3(1):95-102.
DOI: 10.26832/ 24566632.2018. 0301015

Muchuweti M, Birkett JW, Chinyanga E, Zvauya R, Scrimshaw MD, Lester J. Heavy metal content of vegetables irrigated with mixture of wastewater and sewage sludge in Zimbabwe: Implications for human health. Agric Ecosyst Environ. 2006;112: 41-48.
DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2005.04.028

Duruibe JO, Ogwuegbu MOC, Egwurugwu JN. Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. Int J Phy Sci. 2007;2(5): 112-118. Available:http://www.academicjournals.org/IJPS

Ghosh AB, Bajaj JC, Hasan R, Singh D. Soil and water testing methods: A laboratory manual. Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, IARI, New Delhi, India. 1983;1-48.

Tessier A, Campbell PGC, Bisson M. Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals. Anal Chem. 1979;51(7):844-851.
DOI: 10.1021/AC50043A017

Muller G. Index of geoaccumulation in sediments of the Rhine river. Geojournal. 1969;2(3):108-118.

Taylor SR. Abundances of chemical elements in the continental crust: A new table. Geochim Cosmochim Acta. 1964;28: 1273-1285.
DOI: 10.1016/0016-7037(64)90129-2

Huheey JE. Inorganic chemistry: Principles of structure and reactivity. Harper and Row Publishers, New York; 1983.

Atgin RS, Agha El, Zararsiz O, Kocatas A, Parlak A, Tuncel HG. Investigation of the sediment pollution in Izmir Bay: Trace elements. Spectrochimica Acta- Part B. 2000;55(7):1151-1164.
DOI: 10.1016/S0584-8547(00)00231-7

DoE (Department of Environment). Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Department of Environment. Dhaka, Bangladesh; 2005.

ECR (Environment Conservation Rules). Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Department of Environment. Dhaka, Bangladesh; 1997.

Ayers RS, Westcot DW. Water quality for agriculture. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper. 1985;29(Rev. I):1-144.

Richards LA, (Ed.). Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. USDA and IBH Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi, India; 1968.

Agarwal RR, Yadav JP, Gupta RN. Saline and alkali soils of India. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India; 1982.

Karanth KR. Ground water assessment development and management. TATA McGrew-Hill Publishing Company Limited. New Delhi, India; 1994.

Ravikumar P, Prakash KL, Somashekar RK. Evaluation of water quality using geochemical modeling in the Bellary Nala Command area, Belgaum district, Karantaka State, India. Carbonates Evaporites. 2013;28(3):365-381.
DOI: 10.1007/s13146-012-0124-3

Selvakumar S, Ramkumar K, Chandrasekar N, Magesh NS, Kaliraj S. Ground water quality and its suitability for drinking and irrigation use in the Southern Tiruchirappalli district, Tamil Nadu, India. Appl Water Sci. 2017;7(1):411-420.
DOI: 10.1007/s13201-014-0256-9

ADB (Asian Development Bank). Training manual for environmental monitoring. USA: Engineering Science Inc. 1994;2-16.

Domingo LE, Kyuma K. Trace elements in tropical Asian paddy soils: 1. Total trace element status. Soil Sci Plant Nutr. 1983;29:439-452.
DOI: 10.1080/00380768.1983.10434647

Jahiruddin M, Harada H, Hatanakam T, Islam MR. Status of trace elements in agricultural soils of Bangladesh and relationship with soil properties. Soil Sci Plant Nutr. 2000;46(4):963-968.
DOI: 10.1080/00380768.2000.10409161

Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H. Trace elements in soils and plants, 2nd Edn. CRC Press, London; 1992.

Qadir M, Ghafoor A, Murtaza G, Murtaza G. Cadmium concentration in vegetables grown on urban soils irrigated with untreated municipal sewage. Environ Develop Sustainability. 2000;2(1): 13-21.
DOI: 10.1023/A:1010061711331

Fageria NK, Baligar VC, Clark RB. Micronutrients in crop production. Adv Agron. 2002;77:185-268.
DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2113(02)77015-6

Hossain MM, Khan ZH, Hussain MS. Nutrient elements in some benchmark soil pedons from the Ganges river floodplain of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J Sci Ind Res. 2009;44(3):359-366.
DOI: 10.3329/bjsir.v44i3.4411

Zakir HM, Arafat MY, Islam MM. Assessment of metallic pollution along with geochemical baseline of soils at Barapukuria open coal mine area in Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Asian J Water Environ Pollut. 2017;14(4):77-88.
DOI: 10.3233/AJW-170038

Gaur VK, Sanjay KG, Pandey SD, Gopal K, Misra V. Distribution of heavy metals in sediment and water of river Gomti. Environ Monit Assess. 2005;102:419-433.
DOI: 10.1007/s10661-005-6395-6

Zakir HM, Sumi SA, Sharmin S, Mohiuddin KM, Kaysar S. Heavy metal contamination in surface soils of some industrial areas of Gazipur, Bangladesh. J Chem Bio Phy Sci. 2015;5(2):2191-2206.