Microfaunal Signals and Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction Sediments in Well Z-1, Offshore Dahomey Basin, South-Western Nigeria

Main Article Content

Anthonia Nwanese Asadu
Charles Ojonuba Ameh

Abstract

Fifty ditch cutting rock samples from well Z-1, OPL 310 offshore Dahomey basin, south western Nigeria were analyzed for their microfaunal and lithofacies content for the purpose of reconstructing the environment of deposition. Standard techniques of foraminifera slide processing and analysis was followed for the recovery of foraminifera while the gamma ray log complemented the rock samples for the lithofacies analysis. The lithological analysis revealed two lithofacies units in a generally fining upward sequence. The basal sandstone unit is characteristically milky white to brownish, coarse-pebbly grained, sub-angular to round and poorly to well sort with intercalation of shale. This unit is overlain by light to dark grey, moderately hard and non-fissile shale/mudstone sequence with intercalation of sand. Accessory mineral assemblage present in the formations includes mica flakes, glauconite pellets, carbonaceous detritus and ferruginous materials. The basal sandstone unit belong to the Oshosun Formation while the upper shaly unit is typical of Afowo Formation. Microfaunal study showed good recovery of abundant and well diversified planktic and benthic foraminiferal species. Forty-two (42) planktic, sixty-five (65) benthic calcareous and one benthonic arenaceous foraminiferal species were recovered. Micropaleontologically, Paleoenvironmental deductions were based primarily on the assemblage, abundance and diversity of benthic foraminiferal species and presence or absence of planktic foraminifera. Accessory mineral presence also aided the interpretations. Integration of lithological and micropaleontological synthesis enhanced the delineation of two environmental subzones over the analyzed interval, the outer neritic and the upper bathyal depositional settings corresponding to Afowo and Oshosun Formation respectively. A lowstand prograding wedge which is a good exploration target offshore was recognized between intervals 3400 ft to 3500 ft. In conclusion, the rock succession studied, penetrated Afowo and Oshosun Formations, and were deposited in an environment ranging from outer neritic to upper bathyal settings.

Keywords:
Micropaleontology, paleoenvironment, benthic, foraminifera, lithofacies.

Article Details

How to Cite
Asadu, A. N., & Ameh, C. O. (2020). Microfaunal Signals and Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction Sediments in Well Z-1, Offshore Dahomey Basin, South-Western Nigeria. Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, 24(3), 50-61. https://doi.org/10.9734/jgeesi/2020/v24i330210
Section
Original Research Article

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