Main Article Content
It is critical to educate higher education faculty about the importance of redeveloping brownfields into usable spaces for campus expansion. While there are many studies on the success of brownfield redevelopment, research is limited on how professors’ perceptions on brownfield redevelopment can help their institutions to impact community initiatives and promote collaborative, environmental efforts. Hence, a need to design methods to collect, record and analyze professors’ perceptions became fundamental in capturing the voices of participants and ensuring the accuracy of their responses. The first set of analysis methods included categorizations, descriptions and interpretations of qualitative data. The secondary method of analysis utilized descriptive statistics to measure the most important indicators that influence professors’ perceptions to redevelop brownfield sites near their campus communities.
Pseudonyms are used for the three universities across Jefferson County in the State of Alabama which provided access to their professors. Findings from the study showed that professors from two universities were knowledgeable and aware of the sociological and economic challenges in low income communities where brownfields are geographically located. Findings also indicated that Eta-One University was a recipient of an EPA Region 4 grant that focused on educating low income communities associated with the presence of brownfield sites in their area. Alpha-One University was eager to establish a special partnership initiative. Although Gamma-One University was located in a high crime and low-income community with potential brownfield sites, the faculty showed no interest in participating in the study. Therefore, challenges and factors that Gamma-One University faced were undetermined.
(Accessed 05 June 2019)
Rhodes A, Reinholtd S. A framework for understanding and monitoring levels of preparedness for wildfire’, Disaster Prevention for the 21st Century (Proceedings of the Australian Disaster Conference); 1999.
Enders J. Measuring community awareness and preparedness for emergencies. The Australian Journal for Emergency Management; 2001.
Xiao R, Wang Z, Wang C, Yu G. Soil screening for identifying ecological risk stressors using a battery of in vitro cell bioassays. Chemosphere. 2006;64(1)71-78.
Adger NW. Vulnerability: Global Environmental Change. 2006;16:268-281.
Bell M. An invitation to environmental sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press; 2004.
Smith-Cavros E, Eisenhauer E. Overtown: Neighborhood, change, challenge and “invironment”. The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability. 2014;19(4).
Gardner BS, Korth, SJ. Classroom strategies that facilitate transfer of learning to the workplace. Innovative Higher Education. 1997;22(1)45-60.
McCarthy L. Brownfield redevelopment: A resource guide for Toledo and other Ohio Governments, Developers, and Communities. 2001.
(Accessed 09 January 2019)
Available:http://uac.utoledo. edu/ Publications/brownfield-redevelopment.pdf
Cooper GJ, Kotval-KZ, Kotval Z, and Mullin J. University community partnerships, Humanities. 2014; 3(1)88–101.
Fernández-Esquinas M, Pinto H. The role of universities in urban regeneration: Reframing the analytical approach. European Planning Studies. 2014;22(7): 1462-1483.
McWilliams DA. Environmental justice and industrial redevelopment: Economics and equality in urban revitalization. Ecology LQ. 1994;21:705.
Ghoshal S, Arnzen B, Brownfield S. A learning alliance between business and business schools: Executive education as a platform for partnership. California Management Review. 1992;35(1)50-67.
Wernsted K. Crooks L, Hersh R. Brownfield redevelopment in Wisconsin: A survey of the field. Resources for the Future; 2003.
King, JB. Bridging the achievement gap: Learning from three charter schools (Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University); 2008.
Morgan DL. Focus groups as qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications; 1997.
Morgan DL. Designing focus group research. Tools for primary care research. 1992;2:177-93.
DurRant J. Brownfields Lesson.
Available:http://www.greenvillesc.gov/ DocumentCenter/ Home/ View/4311
Regier N. Book two: 60 formative assessment strategies. Regier Educational Resources; 2012.
(Accessed: 16 July, 2019)
Chilton K, Schwarz P, Godwin K. Final Report: Verifying the Social, Environmental and Economic Promise of Brownfield Programs. The United States Environmental Protection Agency; 2015.
Walker S, Hipel KW, Inohara T. Attitudes and coalitions within brownfield redevelopment projects. In Proc. 2008 IEEE Int. Conf. Syst. Man Cybern. (SMC), Singapore. 2008;2901–2906
Chiappe J, et al. The economic impact of Oklahoma’s brownfields program. Oklahoma Department of Commerce; 2016.
United States - E.P.A. EPA New England FY 20016 Brownfields grant guidelines workshop: Revolving Loan Fund Grant Presentation; 2015.
(Accessed 26 July, 2016)
ADEM Admin. Code R. 335-15-x-. xx. Brownfield Redevelopment and Voluntary Cleanup Program; 2006.
Kappa Delta Pi Honor Society. K-12 lessons on global sustainability issues; 2018.
(Accessed 01 April 2019
Carter K, Moir S. Diagrammatic representations of sustainability – A review and synthesis. Proceedings at the 28th Annual ARCOM Conference; dated on September 3-5, 2012, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. ARCOM (Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Edinburgh. 2012;1479–89.
Williams K, Dair C. Framework for assessing the sustainability of brownfield developments. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Oxford Institute of Sustainable Development, School of the Built Environment, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK. 2007;50(1):23-40.
Dixon T, Marston A. Mixed use urban regeneration at brindley place, birmingham and Gunwharf Quays, Portsmouth: An Assessment of the Impact on Local and National Economies (Reading: The College of Estate Management); 2003.
United Nations. The sustainable development goals report. United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs; 2019.
(Accessed: 15 September 2019)
City of Birmingham. City of Birmingham Comprehensive Plan: Sustaining Downtown.(Accessed 04 December 2019)