Facies Analysis and Depositoinal Environment of D-3 Reservoir Sands Vin Field, Eastern Niger Delta
Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International,
Facies analysis and depositional environment identification of the Vin field was evaluated through the integration and comparison of results from wireline logs, core analysis, seismic data, ditch cutting samples and petrophysical parameters. Well log suites from 22 wells comprising gamma ray, resistivity, neutron, density, seismic data, and ditch cutting samples were obtained and analyzed. Prediction of depositional environment was made through the usage of wireline log shapes of facies combined with result from cores and ditch cuttings sample description. The aims of this study were to identify the facies and depositional environments of the D-3 reservoir sand in the Vin field. Two sets of correlations were made on the E-W trend to validate the reservoir top and base while the isopach map was used to establish the reservoir continuity. Facies analysis was carried out to identify the various depositional environments. The result showed that the reservoir is an elongate , four way dip closed roll over anticline associated with an E-W trending growth fault and contains two structural high separated by a saddle. The offshore bar unit is an elongate sand body with length: width ratio of >3:1 and is aligned parallel to the coast-line. Analysis of the gamma ray logs indicated that four log facies were recognized in all the wells used for the study. These include: Funnel-shaped (coarsening upward sequences), bell-shaped or fining upward sequences, the bow shape and irregular shape. Based on these categories of facies, the depositional environments were interpreted as deltaic distributaries, regressive barrier bars, reworked offshore bars and shallow marine. Analysis of the wireline logs and their core/ditch cuttings description has led to the conclusion that the reservoir sandstones of the Agbada Formation in the Vin field of the eastern Niger Delta is predominantly marine deltaic sequence, strongly influenced by clastic output from the Niger Delta. Deposition occurred in a variety of littoral and neritic environment ranging from barrier sand complex to fully marine outer shelf mudstones.
- ditch cuttings.
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