Growth and Pattern of Urbanisation: An Analysis of Barasat Subdivision, North 24 Parganas, West Bengal
Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International,
Urbanisation is one of the most significant development process affecting the modern world particularly the developing countries. However, often the pattern and level of urban development are highly variable both spatially and temporally. Barasat subdivision comprises the sadar subdivision of the district of North 24 Parganas in West Bengal. This district traditionally has a glorious history of urbanisation being much higher than both the state and national averages. Within the district, this subdivision has shown a slow and steady growth of urbanisation since independence. Although the percentage of urban population has remained below the district average it has been significantly higher than the state and national average. The study aims to find out the trends, levels of urbanisation and spatio-temporal pattern of urbanisation in the study area using quantitative and qualitative techniques. Mostly secondary data sources have been used. The study reveals that there are significant spatio-temporal variation in levels of urbanisation within the subdivision. The subdivision was overshadowed in the urban scenario mainly due to the overwhelming presence of neighbouring Barrackpore subdivision till 1981. The situation has significantly altered after Barasat being declared the district headquarter in 1986.
- Level of urbanization
- urban spacing
- urban population density
How to Cite
Potter P. Contemporary issues in Geography, urbanisation in the Third World. Oxford University Press. 1992:5.
Census of India, (2011). Provisional population totals, paper I of 2011, West Bengal series 20, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal.
MHUPA (2016): India Habitat III National Report 2016. New Delhi: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.
Will Lauther: The urban plan for India: A foundation for economic growth. Global Majority E Journal. 2011;2(2).
Sarkar JP: Bangladeshi migration to West Bengal: A cause of Concern, centre for the Study regional development, JNU, India; 2006.
Bhattacharjee D, Hazra S. The role of urban momentum in transformation of North 24 Parganas District, West Bengal. IJRC, special volume. 2019;106-118.
Census of India, 1951, West Bengal Series 20, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, Paper 1.
Census of India, 1961, West Bengal Series 20, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, Paper 1.
Census of India, 1971, West Bengal Series 20, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, Paper I.
Census of India, 1981, West Bengal Series 20, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, Paper 1.
Census of India, 1991, West Bengal Series 20, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, Paper I.
Census of India, 2001, West Bengal Series 20, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, Paper I.
Sarkar A. Evolution of the size and spacing of Urban Settlement in West Bengal. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. 1991;37:42-44.
Subbarayan, A., & Kumar, G. (2016). Overall size distribution of cities and towns in India: 2011 census. Journal of Applied Sciences, 16(5), 230-235.
Abstract View: 2218 times
PDF Download: 2036 times