Integrated Analysis of Geophysical Data for Road Networks Sub Base Lithology Integrity Assessment Case Study in Crystalline Basement Complex, Southwestern Nigeria
Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International,
Magnetics and Electrical resistivity methods were used in the evaluation of the subsurface integrity of a 2500 m segment of Ipinsa road off the Ilesha-Akure expressway adjacent to the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria in order to provide guidelines for the authority whenever the road is to be constructed. The road was investigated using geophysical prospecting methods involving Magnetics profiling and Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) technique. The magnetic data were analysed first by taking care of diurnal variation and the results were presented as relative magnetic. The VES results were presented as geoelectric sections. The results from the two methods were stacked for easy correlation. The results from the Magnetics method study shows the presence of near-surface linear geologic structures and of varying length, depth, and altitude at different distances (350, 550, 650, 840, 870, 900, 1080 and 1160 m) and depths (5, 12, 13, 15, 15.5, 16, 17 and 19 m) respectively, which suggest the probable fracture zones that are inimical to the foundation of the road subgrade. The vertical electrical sounding survey were conducted at points of anomaly and non-anomalous zones based on the magnetic survey results. This is done to further delineate the fracture zones and correlate the results to get enough information of the subsurface. The corresponding geoelectric results delineated weathered/fractured bedrock with resistivity range of 222 - 412 Ωm at distances 650, 800 - 900 and 1080 - 1160 m along Traverses A and B. Likewise at distances 1380 - 1600 m, 2040 m, 2240 m, 2260 m and 2540 m along traverses’ C and D. The integrity assessment of the Ipinsa road network sub base lithology was successfully assessed using the geophysical modeled results and possible fractured bedrock and saturated/clayey sub soil material zones that are inimical to road stability were delineated. The research findings are valuable for precise decision in road infrastructural design.
- electrical resistivity
- weathered layer and bedrock
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