Correlation and Calibration of 4D Seismic Vintages for Effective Postproduction Intervention
Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International,
Poor or low data quality usually has an adverse effect on the quantitative usage of (4D) seismic data for accurate analysis. Repeatability of 4D Seismic or time-lapse survey is considered as a vital tool for effective, potent, and impressive monitoring of productivity of reservoirs. Inconsistencies and disagreement of ‘time-lapse’ data will greatly affect the accuracy and outcome of research when comparing two or more seismic surveys having low repeatability. Correlation is a statistic procedure that measures the linear relation between all points of two variables. Error due to acquisition and processing must be checked for before interpretation in order to minimize exploration failure and the number of dry holes drilled. The seismic data available for this study comprises of 779 crosslines and 494 inlines. The 4D seismic data consisting of the base Seismic shot in 1998 before production and the monitor Seismic shot in 2010 at different stages of hydrocarbon production were cross correlated to ascertain repeatability between the two vintages. A global average matching process was applied while phase and time shift were estimated using the Russell-Liang technique. Two pass full shaping filters were applied for the phase matching. Maximum and minimum ‘cross-correlation’ are 0.85 (85%) and 0.60 (60%) respectively. Statistics of the ‘cross-correlation’ shift show standard deviation (0.3), variance (0.12), and root mean square (0.78). For high percentage repeatability and maximum correlations, the requested correlation threshold is 0.7 but 1 and 0.99 were obtained for the first and the second matching respectively. Conclusively, the overall results show that there is high repeatability between the 4D seismic data used and the data can be employed conveniently for accurate ‘time-lapse’ (future) production monitoring and investigation on the field.
- 4D Seismic
- hydrocarbon exploration
How to Cite
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