Potable Water Scarcity and Options for Effective Provision in Limbe Municipality, Southwest Region, Cameroon
Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International,
Continuous potable water scarcities in Limbe municipality if not well manage and ensure a regular provision of it may lead to many disastrous consequences to the massive growing population of this municipality. Lack of safe drinking water is a severe crisis in Limbe and Cameroon due to poor management strategies employed by the water management bodies involved. The study investigated the implications of water scarcity in Limbe municipality and the options for effective provision of potable water. A questionnaire survey was carried out. About 300 questionnaires were administered in three localities of Limbe to investigate the present status of water scarcity and its impacts on the local communities. The results show an increasing rate of potable water scarcity in the municipality. About 51% of the respondents indicated that inadequate storage facilities are the main caused of water scarcity in the town. In contrast, 26% and 23% of the respondents indicated that inadequate technology and low level of education are other reasons contributing to potable water scarcity in Limbe municipality. Many people in the municipality depend on untreated water sources, resulting in the contraction of many diseases like dysentery and diarrhea as prime waterborne health risks. We suggest options like installing large water safety tanks in all the localities of Limbe municipality. Furthermore, implementing a joint monitoring team to ensure that effective potable water treatment and supply is being done and the bodies involved in water management like the Cameroon Water Utilities Corporation (CAMWATER) need to initiate a platform for multi-stakeholder dialogue, networking and social learning essentially for building trust on how to manage potable water supply in the municipality better.
- Potable water scarcity
- storage facility
- options for effective provision
How to Cite
Pande S, Ertsen M, Sivapalan M. Endogenous technological and population change under increasing water scarcity, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 2014;18:3239–3258.
DFID (Department for International Development), EC (European Commission), UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), and WB (World Bank). Linking poverty reduction and environmental management: Policy challenges and opportunities. Washington, DC: World Bank; 2002.
Shaw R, Thaitakoo D. Water communities: Introduction and overview. In Water communities, ed. R. Shaw, and D. Thaitakoo, 1–13. Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishers; 2010.
Rosegrant MW, Ximing C, Sarah AC. “Averting an Impending Crisis” Global Water Outlook to 2025, Food Policy Report, International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Colombo, Sri Lanka; 2002.
Seckler D, Upali AA, David JM, Radhika de Silva. World water demand and supply, 1990 to 2025: Scenarios and issues. Research Report No. 19. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute; 1998.
UN. “Millennium Development Goal”, United Nations, New York, USA; 2003.
WHO/UNICEF. Meeting the MDG drinking water and sanitation target , The urban and rural challenge of the decade. World Health Organisation and United Nations Children's Fund. 2006;41.
Khan A, Scheelback PF, Shilpi AB, Chan Q, Mojumder SK, Rahman A, Haines A, Kovats S, Vineis P. Salinity in drinking water and the risk of (pre)eclampsia and gestational hypertension in coastal Bangladesh: A case-control study. PLOS One, Article e108715. 2014;9(9).
Mbua L. Water supply in Buea, Cameroon: Analysis and the possibility of rainwater harvesting to stabilize the water demand. BrandenburgischenTechnischen, Universität Cott us-Senftenberg, Senftenberg, Germany; 2013.
Malika E, Rene N, Ndefon P, Kamgno J. Assessment of drinking water catchments in fako division, South West Region, Cameroon. International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health. 2019;38i330189.
Buh EN, Mbua L Roy, Fang Zeh A. Increasing challenges of potable water supply, Buea municipality, Cameroon. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences. 2021;13:430220.
Lambi CM, Kometa SS. An evaluation of the water resources on the eastern slopes of Mount Cameroon, J Hum Ecol, Kamla-Raj. 2009;28(1):47-55.
Melle EM, Nkwatoh AF, Tim KL. The influence of some ecological factors on drill monkeys. International Journal of Biodiversity and conservation. 2017 ;9(7):256-264.
Tanjong E. Socio – economic survey of the villages of Mount Cameroon National Park (MCNP). Program for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources Cameroon - South-West Region, Buea, Cameroon; 2014.
IRC. Water supplies managed by rural communities country reports and case studies from Cameroon, Colombia, Guatemala, Kenya, Nepal and Pakistan. International Water and Sanitation Centre, Delft. The Netherlands; 1997.
Trimmer DK, De Loe RC, Kreutzwiser RD. Source water protection in the Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia: Lessons for building local capacity. Land use policy. 2007 ;(24):187-198.
Folifac F. Integrated watershed management in Cameroon; Institutional aspects, problems identification and solution strategies: Case of the Mount Cameroon Region. Master thesis, Universität Stuggart, Germany; 2003.
Mahama AM, Anaman KA, Osei-Akoto I. Factors influencing householders’ access to improved water in low-income urban areas of Accra, Ghana. Journal of Water and Health. 2014;12(2):318–31. Epub 2014/06/18.
Available:https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2014.149 PMID: 24937226.
Elimelech M. The global challenge for adequate and safe water. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology—AQUA. 2006;55(1):3-8.
Abstract View: 52 times
PDF Download: 19 times