Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International https://journaljgeesi.com/index.php/JGEESI <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International (ISSN: 2454-7352)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JGEESI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International 2454-7352 Access to Public Healthcare Services in Urban Areas in Nigeria: The Influence of Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics of the Urban Population https://journaljgeesi.com/index.php/JGEESI/article/view/30315 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Ensuring access to healthcare facilities is a high priority need in developing countries. This research aimed to determine the influence of socio-demographic and economic characteristics of the urban population in Nigeria to access to public healthcare facilities.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> We conducted a community-based study in 400 households across the three urban areas of Gombe state, Nigeria. Access to healthcare facilities was quantified in a composite index which considers availability, accessibility and affordability. The head of families was interviewed for information related to access and for the socio-demographic and economic status of the residences. The influence of socio-demographic and economic characteristics was determined using a chi-square test with a significance level of &lt;0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Most of the population interviewed within the selected urban areas had good access (84%) to public healthcare facilities. Socio-demographic and economic characteristics of household representatives such as age (<em>p = 0.02</em>), religious status (<em>p = 0.00</em>), level of education (<em>p =0 .00</em>), employment (<em>p = 0.00</em>) and possession of healthcare insurance (<em>p = 0.00</em>) were found to significantly influence access to healthcare facilities in urban areas.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>&nbsp;Access to public healthcare facilities within the urban areas was good and the study revealed some modifiable socio-demographic and economic factors that influence access. We recommend the intervention to address the factors to further improve access to public healthcare facilities and to achieve universal healthcare coverage.</p> Abubakar Abdullahi Nalika Gunawardena ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 1 13 10.9734/jgeesi/2021/v25i1130315 Potable Water Accessibility in the Slums of Douala IV Municipality, Cameroon https://journaljgeesi.com/index.php/JGEESI/article/view/30316 <p>The proliferation of slums in sub-Saharan Africa validates the need for renewed interest on access to basic services–potable water in this case. In the context of Bonaberi Douala, recent evidence on potable water accessibility is lacking, amidst rising population growth. To close this knowledge gap, this paper draws from a sample of 1115 households in 8 neighborhoods of Bonaberi to: (1) assess potable water accessibility and (2) examine the regularity of water flow. The results revealed that only 51.3% of slum dwellers have pipe water connections, while 33.4% rely on public standpipes. Furthermore, 28.4% make use of boreholes, while 46% use rainwater. About 12.5% of the population cover a distance of more than 200 m to fetch water. The pattern of water flow in several neighbourhoods is irregular; this precipitates the spread of waterborne diseases. The paper recommends that a control committee should be set aside to check water quality and reduce the spread of water-related diseases. The government and other local stakeholders should promote community water projects that can supply potable water in these slums.</p> Lueong Lovees Ahfembombi Zephania N. Fogwe Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 14 26 10.9734/jgeesi/2021/v25i1130316